TitleIDH1(R132H) mutation increases murine haematopoietic progenitors and alters epigenetics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSasaki, Masato, Knobbe Christiane B., Munger Joshua C., Lind Evan F., Brenner Dirk, Brüstle Anne, Harris Isaac S., Holmes Roxanne, Wakeham Andrew, Haight Jillian, You-Ten Annick, Li Wanda Y., Schalm Stefanie, Su Shinsan M., Virtanen Carl, Reifenberger Guido, Ohashi Pamela S., Barber Dwayne L., Figueroa Maria E., Melnick Ari, Zúñiga-Pflücker Juan-Carlos, and Mak Tak W.
Date Published2012 Aug 30
KeywordsAging, Animals, Bone Marrow, Cell Lineage, CpG Islands, Disease Models, Animal, DNA Methylation, Epigenesis, Genetic, Female, Gene Knock-In Techniques, Glioma, Hematopoiesis, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Histones, Humans, Isocitrate Dehydrogenase, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Male, Mice, Mutant Proteins, Mutation, Myeloid Cells, Spleen

<p>Mutations in the IDH1 and IDH2 genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenases are frequently found in human glioblastomas and cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukaemias (AML). These alterations are gain-of-function mutations in that they drive the synthesis of the ‘oncometabolite’ R-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). It remains unclear how IDH1 and IDH2 mutations modify myeloid cell development and promote leukaemogenesis. Here we report the characterization of conditional knock-in (KI) mice in which the most common IDH1 mutation, IDH1(R132H), is inserted into the endogenous murine Idh1 locus and is expressed in all haematopoietic cells (Vav-KI mice) or specifically in cells of the myeloid lineage (LysM-KI mice). These mutants show increased numbers of early haematopoietic progenitors and develop splenomegaly and anaemia with extramedullary haematopoiesis, suggesting a dysfunctional bone marrow niche. Furthermore, LysM-KI cells have hypermethylated histones and changes to DNA methylation similar to those observed in human IDH1- or IDH2-mutant AML. To our knowledge, our study is the first to describe the generation and characterization of conditional IDH1(R132H)-KI mice, and also the first report to demonstrate the induction of a leukaemic DNA methylation signature in a mouse model. Our report thus sheds light on the mechanistic links between IDH1 mutation and human AML.</p>

Alternate JournalNature
PubMed ID22763442
PubMed Central IDPMC4005896
Grant ListR01 AI081773 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
R56 AI081773 / AI / NIAID NIH HHS / United States
/ CAPMC / CIHR / Canada